Nuevas especies de Quercus (Fagaceae) en el Plioceno de Santa María Amajac, Hidalgo, México

  • María Patricia Velasco-de León
  • Erika Lourdes Ortiz-Martínez
Keywords: foliar architecture, taxonomy, Quercus, oak, Pliocene, Hidalgo and Mexico


Using foliar architecture seven new fossil species of the Fagaceae Family are described for Mexico: Quercus amajensis, Q. cevalli, Q. curvensis, Q. grandensis, Q. hidalgensis, Q. ovatus and Q. rugosus. Fossil leaf impressions were collected in the areas of Sanctorum and Los Baños, in the Atotonilco El Grande Formation in Hidalgo. The phenetic analysis performed allow us to conclude which characters are important in defining the new species: ramification of the tertiary veins, fifth order venation, shape and size of the areole, the presence of inter-secondary veins and secondary veins ramification within the tooth. These results support the importance of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt as a speciation area.