Benthic foraminifera as bioindicators of anthropogenic impacts in two north African lagoons: a comparison with ostracod assemblages

  • Francisco Ruiz
  • María Luz González-Regalado
  • Emilio Galán
  • María Isabel González
  • María Isabel Prudencio
  • María Isabel Dias
  • Manuel Abad
  • Antonio Toscano
  • José Prenda
  • Edith Xio Mara García
Keywords: foraminifera, Ostracoda, bioindicators, lagoons, north Africa


Numerous investigations have used the foraminiferal assemblages or species as bioindicators. This paper tests the responses of these microorganisms to different environmental changes (heavy metal pollution, treatment stations, artificial inlets, agricultural and urban sewages) and compares them to those observed previously on ostracod assemblages. Foraminifera are more tolerant to these changes, while ostracods present a more specialized response.

Author Biography

Antonio Toscano
Departamento de Geodinámica y Paleontología, Universidad de Huelva, 21071-Huelva, Spain.